On-the-job-training or OJT is a time-efficient and cost-effective method of training and developing employees.
Focusing on utilizing a company’s internal resources, knowledge, and talent. On-the-job-training is usually the principal method used for upskilling employees, increasing production, and improving efficiency.
Deeply rooted within the context of psychologist Albert Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory, on-the-job-training is an effective combination of observational and experiential learning.
Allowing employees to develop the skills, competencies, and knowledge needed to execute their job functions at a high level.
We as humans most effectively learn new behaviors through observing a model performing a behavior and witnessing the consequences of that behavior.
Learning how to address and overcome challenges through the systematic observation, analysis, and application of the newly learned skills or techniques.
The psychology behind how we as humans best learn new behaviors is at the core of OJT.
With on-the-job-training, employees first observe their trainer repeatedly completing a series of tasks and achieving the desired result. Then, after observing practicing for some time, the employee will be able to perform the tasks themselves to achieve the same desired outcome.
Structured on-the-job-training programs are overseen by a designated training supervisor and follow standardized employee development plans which encompass both classroom and field learning components.
These training plans include multiple milestones and knowledge checks to ensure employees are properly prepared to succeed in their roles.
The more structured an on-the-job-training program is, the more effective it tends to be. This is because employee engagement increases tremendously when they are receiving training and development.
As a result of effectively upskilling employees a company will experience increased productivity, profits, and employee satisfaction. As well as, drastically decreasing retention, productivity inefficiencies, and external training costs.