Job Gaps by State

Job Gaps by State

If I were looking for a job somewhere in the US, I’d go where the pay is the best and the competition for those jobs is the lowest. Of course, I’d also consider the overall desirability of the area and whether or not I am willing to relocate, but I’ll leave those other factors up to you to consider; I’m more interested in regional job gaps, the industries involved, and their implications for training.

The table below shows the percent of job openings that pay at least a living wage or higher for a single adult, and the number of job seekers for those jobs. A low job gap ratio, with 3 to 1 being the lowest, indicates that employers receive fewer applicants for good paying jobs.

More than likely, these good-paying jobs require specialized skills for which applicants need advanced education or training. At least one reason for the ratios being relatively low is that much of the labor pool does not possess the required skills for the available jobs.

It’s interesting to note that the percentage of job openings that provide a good wage is generally highest for those states with the lowest job gap ratio; 50% is the average for the half of states with the lowest job gap ratio while 45% is the average for the half of states with the highest job gap ratio.

If you apply basic supply and demand principles, low job gap ratios indicate that the supply side of the equation (job seekers) is low relative to the demand side of the equation (job openings), which drives up the wages for those jobs.

Ojt.Com Provides an Analysis of the Industrial Makeup of Each of the 50 States

Click this link (OJT States)This information can help job seekers find the skills and jobs they are looking for. It also provides information to training providers on where their services may be needed most.

Living Wages, Job Openings, and Job Seekers by State
Geography Single Adult Living Wage Total Job Seekers Total Openings Percent of Openings Greater than Living Wage Job Gap Ratio (Seekers to Living Wage Openings)
District of Columbia $21.92 20,570 38,000 63%  3 to 1
North Dakota $14.98 15,360 24,000 55%  3 to 1
Utah $16.06 67,890 116,000 50%  3 to 1
Colorado $17.48 123,900 254,000 52%  4 to 1
Iowa $15.10 57,950 106,000 52%  4 to 1
Kentucky $15.03 83,060 183,000 52%  4 to 1
Nebraska $15.03 34,680 66,000 51%  4 to 1
Texas $15.91 543,510 1,068,000 48%  4 to 1
Minnesota $16.52 85,820 240,000 53%  5 to 1
Washington $17.59 144,770 358,000 54%  5 to 1
Wisconsin $15.69 95,200 249,000 50%  5 to 1
Arkansas $14.58 43,250 130,000 47%  6 to 1
Delaware $18.33 13,950 40,000 44%  6 to 1
Idaho $14.90 17,527 62,000 57%  6 to 1
Indiana $15.46 106,320 313,000 47%  6 to 1
Kansas $15.23 42,120 124,000 47%  6 to 1
Maryland $20.40 110,190 361,000 52%  6 to 1
New Hampshire $17.68 20,940 58,000 43%  6 to 1
Oklahoma $14.96 57,090 177,000 50%  6 to 1
Oregon $16.49 68,140 204,000 49%  6 to 1
South Dakota $14.50 13,970 38,000 44%  6 to 1
Tennessee $15.27 101,520 275,000 49%  6 to 1
Vermont $17.89 9,530 28,000 45%  6 to 1
Wyoming $15.05 8,350 28,000 55%  6 to 1
Massachusetts $19.98 106,120 354,000 50%  7 to 1
Michigan $15.78 139,490 503,000 49%  7 to 1
Missouri $15.39 86,630 306,000 48%  7 to 1
New York $20.42 357,430 1,060,000 43%  7 to 1
Virginia $18.95 128,070 405,000 44%  7 to 1
Alaska $17.92 10,060 43,000 53%  8 to 1
Arizona $16.18 118,850 442,000 48%  8 to 1
Florida $17.29 356,970 1,127,000 38%  8 to 1
Hawaii $21.73 20,030 54,000 34%  8 to 1
Montana $14.93 14,050 48,000 44%  8 to 1
North Carolina $15.88 158,540 549,000 46%  8 to 1
Ohio $14.96 168,300 705,000 51%  8 to 1
Pennsylvania $16.73 183,190 689,000 47%  8 to 1
Rhode Island $17.33 15,180 60,000 49%  8 to 1
Alabama $15.49 65,780 284,000 48%  9 to 1
California $19.90 651,030 2,526,000 42%  9 to 1
Georgia $16.48 148,370 589,000 43%  9 to 1
Illinois $17.57 187,470 754,000 46%  9 to 1
Louisiana $15.87 65,950 270,000 48%  9 to 1
Nevada $16.62 61,960 217,000 38%  9 to 1
New Mexico $15.60 26,170 96,000 42%  9 to 1
Connecticut $19.57 54,300 290,000 51% 10 to 1
Maine $16.27 17,200 72,000 44% 10 to 1
South Carolina $15.79 66,160 278,000 42% 10 to 1
New Jersey $20.08 129,380 613,000 44% 11 to 1
Mississippi $15.18 35,910 173,000 40% 12 to 1
West Virginia $15.00 20,220 104,000 40% 13 to 1
Data from thejobgap.org

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